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【五中全会系列解读之一】坚持创新核心地位,习近平有何考量

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10月26日至29日,万众瞩目的十九届五中全会召开,习近平总书记作了重要讲话,并对《中共中央关于制定国民经济和社会发展第十四个五年规划和二〇三五年远景目标的建议(讨论稿)》向全会作了说明。

  “minzujinbudelinghun”,xijinpingzheiyangtanchuangxin。chuangxin,shiyigeminzujinbudelinghun,shiyigeguojiaxingwangfadadebujieyuanquan,yeshizhonghuaminzuzuishenchendeminzubingfu。

    dangdeshibadayilai,bulunshizhuchizhaokaizhongyaohuiyihaishishenrudifangkaochadiaoyan,xijinpingdoushifenzhongshichuangxin,zaibutongchanghefanfuqiangdiaochuangxindezhongyaoxing。

    dangdeshibadazuochuleshishichuangxinqudongfazhanzhanlvedezhongdabushu,tichuyaojianchizouzhongguotesezizhuchuangxindaolu,yiquanqiushiyemouhuahetuidongchuangxin。duici,xijinpingzhichu,shishichuangxinqudongfazhanzhanlve,shijiakuaizhuanbianjingjifazhanfangshi、tigaowoguozongheguoliheguojijingzhenglidebiranyaoqiuhezhanlvejucuo,yao“bachuangxinqudongfazhanzuoweimianxiangweilaideyixiangzhongdazhanlveshishihao”。“chuangxinshiyinlingfazhandediyidongli”,zaiquanguolianghuicanjiadifangdaibiaotuanshenyishi,xijinpingqiangdiao“zhuachuangxinjiushizhuafazhan,mouchuangxinjiushimouweilai”。

    2015nian10yue,shibajiewuzhongquanhuitichu“chuangxin、xiediao、lvse、kaifang、gongxiang”dexinfazhanlinian,qiangdiao“jianchichuangxinfazhan,bixubachuangxinbaizaiguojiafazhanquanjudehexinweizhi”“rangchuangxinguanchuandangheguojiayiqiegongzuo”。shijiujiewuzhongquanhuizaiyiciqiangdiao“jianchichuangxinzaiwoguoxiandaihuajianshequanjuzhongdehexindiwei”,mingque“bakejiziliziqiangzuoweiguojiafazhandezhanlvezhicheng”。

    cong“shisanwu”dao“shisiwu”,chuangxindezhongyaodiweigengjinyibumingque。“chuangxinshiduofangmiande”,zaixijinpingyanli,zuoweiyinlingfazhandediyidongli,jiuyao“rangchuangxinzaiquanshehuiyuranchengfeng”。“zongheguolijingzhengshuodaodishichuangxindejingzheng。yaoshenrushishichuangxinqudongfazhanzhanlve,tuidongkejichuangxin、chanyechuangxin、qiyechuangxin、shichangchuangxin、chanpinchuangxin、yetaichuangxin、guanlichuangxindeng,jiakuaixingchengyichuangxinweizhuyaoyinlinghezhichengdejingjitixihefazhanmoshi。”“biangechuangxinshituidongrenleishehuixiangqianfazhandegenbendongli。sheipaichibiange,sheijujuechuangxin,sheijiuhuiluohouyushidai,sheijiuhuibeilishitaotai。”

   guanchadashi,mouhuaquanju,lizuweilai,chuangxinshizhongshixijinpingxinzhongdezhongyaozhanlvekaoliang。15citiji!quanhuigongbaokan“chuangxin”

    10月29日,《中国共产党第十九届中央委员会第五次全体会议公报》重磅发布。在新华社播发的6000多字全文中,“创新”在不同内容板块中被着重提及15次。

    zaishenrufenxidangqianwoguofazhanxingshishi,quanhuifenxizhichu,woguofazhanbupinghengbuchongfenwentirengrantuchu,zhongdianlingyuguanjianhuanjiegaigerenwurengranjianju,chuangxinnenglibushiyinggaozhiliangfazhanyaoqiu。zaierlingsanwunianjibenshixianshehuizhuyixiandaihuayuanjingmubiaozhong,quanhuitichuyaozai“guanjianhexinjishushixianzhongdatupo,jinruchuangxinxingguojiaqianlie”。zaiqiangdiao“shisiwu”shiqijingjishehuifazhanzhidaosixianghebixuzunxundeyuanzeshi,quanhuiqiangdiaoyaojiandingbuyiguanchechuangxin、xiediao、lvse、kaifang、gongxiangdexinfazhanlinian,“yigaigechuangxinweigenbendongli”。zaimingque“shisiwu”shiqijingjishehuifazhanzhuyaomubiaoshi,“chuangxinnenglixianzhutisheng”shiquanhuitichudeyixiangzhongyaobiaozhun。zaimouhua“shisiwu”shiqifazhanlujingshi,quanhuizuochuleyixilieguihua,ba“chuangxin”fangzaishouweilaiqiangdiao。quanhuitichu“jianchichuangxinzaiwoguoxiandaihuajianshequanjuzhongdehexindiwei,bakejiziliziqiangzuoweiguojiafazhandezhanlvezhicheng”,qiangdiaoshenrushishikejiaoxingguozhanlve、rencaiqiangguozhanlve、chuangxinqudongfazhanzhanlve,wanshanguojiachuangxintixi,jiakuaijianshekejiqiangguo。“hexindiwei”“zhanlvezhicheng”“guojiachuangxintixi”,zheixieguanjiande“dingweici”,yizhixuanshizheciciquanhuiduichuangxindegaoduzhongshi。

    在具体工作部署中,“创新”在多个维度均一以贯之:谈科技创新,全会提出要强化国家战略科技力量,提升企业技术创新能力,激发人才创新活力,完善科技创新体制机制;谈形成强大国内市场、构建新发展格局,全会提出以创新驱动、高质量供给引领和创造新需求;谈实行高水平对外开放,全会提出推动贸易和投资自由化便利化,推进贸易创新发展……

    tongdugongbao,wulunshizongjieguowangfazhanjingyanhaishiwei“shisiwu”shiqinaizhigengzhangyuanjieduanmoupianbuju,“chuangxin”doushiguanchuanqizhongdexianmingzhuxian。chuangxin,xijinpingmouhua“shisiwu”de“guanjianci”jinjigeyuelai,xijinpingpinfandaodifangkaocha,duocizhuchizhaokaizhongyaozuotanhui,tingquyijianhejianyi,jisiguangyi,wenjiyumin,wei“shisiwu”shiqijingjishehuifazhanmoupianbuju。tapinpintanchuangxin,shishijiangchuangxin,chuchumouchuangxin,fanfuqiangdiaochuangxinzaiguojiafazhanquanjudezhongyaodiwei。“chuangxin”zhengshixijinpingmouhuabuju“shisiwu”xiliehuodongzhonggaopinchuxiande“guanjianci”。

    科技创新是提高社会生产力和综合国力的战略支撑,当今世界,谁牵住了科技创新这个“牛鼻子”,谁走好了科技创新这步先手棋,谁就能占领先机、赢得优势。在科学家座谈会上,习近平着重谈了科技创新的重大战略意义,强调了6方面解决制约科技创新发展的关键问题,勉励广大科技工作者要肩负起历史赋予的科技创新重任,“不断向科学技术广度和深度进军”。他进一步强调,在激烈的国际竞争面前,在单边主义、保护主义上升的大背景下,我们必须走出适合国情的创新路子,特别是要把原始创新能力提升摆在更加突出的位置,努力实现更多“从0到1”的突破。

    企业家创新活动是推动企业创新发展的关键。在企业家座谈会上,习近平激励广大企业家勇于创新,做创新发展的探索者、组织者、引领者,勇于推动生产组织创新、技术创新、市场创新,努力把企业打造成为强大的创新主体。

    suizhewoguomairuxinfazhanjieduan,gaigeyemianlinxinderenwu,bixunachugengdadeyongqi、gengduodejucuopochushencengcitizhijizhizhangai,jianchihewanshanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidu,tuijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua。zaijingjishehuilingyuzhuanjiazuotanhuishang,xijinpingzhongdianchanshileruheyikejichuangxincuishengxinfazhandongneng,qiangdiaolelilunchuangxindejutilujing,mingquebiaoshiyao“shouzhengchuangxin、kaituochuangxin,dadantansuozijiweilaifazhanzhilu”。zaiweiraomouhua“shisiwu”shiqijingjishehuifazhanjinxingde4cidifangkaochadiaoyanzhong,xijinpingyebuzhiyiciqiangdiao“chuangxin”。

    在吉林,习近平走进玉米地,强调要加强农业与科技融合,加强农业科技创新;在安徽,习近平对当地推进科技创新和发展战略性新兴产业上取得积极进展表示肯定,要求进一步夯实创新的基础,加快科技成果转化,加快培育新兴产业,锲而不舍、久久为功;在湖南,习近平强调我国发展仍然处于重要战略机遇期,要围绕产业链部署创新链、围绕创新链布局产业链,强化企业技术创新主体地位,完善成果转化和激励机制,提升自主创新能力;在广东,习近平指出自主创新是增强企业核心竞争力、实现企业高质量发展的必由之路,勉励企业在自主研发上加倍努力,掌握更多核心技术、前沿技术。

     站在新的历史起点,面对百年未有之大变局和我国“十四五”时期以及更长时期的发展需求,为夺取全面建设社会主义现代化国家新胜利开好局、起好步,创新无疑是源头活水,更是“第一动力”。




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